Want to ensure effective and efficient execution of the Risk Assessment Standards? AICPA has the resources you need:
The Audit Risk Assessment Tool walks an experienced auditor through the risk assessment procedures and documents those decisions necessary to prepare an effective and efficient audit program. Designed to be used in lieu of cumbersome checklists, it provides a top down risk-based approach to the identification of high risk areas to allow for appropriate tailoring of audit programs which will result in audit efficiencies. The tool is available in the Online Subscription format and includes access to the full Risk Assessment Guide.
The AICPA Audit Guide Assessing and Responding to Audit Risk in a Financial Statement Audit is the definitive source for guidance on applying the core principles of the risk-based audit methodology that must be used on all financial statement audits. This guide is written in an easy-to-understand style that enables auditors of all experience levels to find answers to the issues they encounter in the field. Unique insights, examples and a comprehensive case study clarify critical concepts and requirements.
Part 1 - Authoritative and Nonauthoritative Guidance on the Auditor's Risk Assessment in a Financial Statement Audit
Part 2 - Additional Resources
A. Considerations in Establishing the Overall Audit Strategy
B. Understanding the Entity and Its Environment
C. Internal Control Components
D. Exhibit - Management Antifraud Programs and Controls
E. Conditions and Events That May Indicate Risks of Material Misstatement
F. Conditions and Events that May Indicate Risks of Material Misstatement at a Small Business Entity
G. Illustrative Financial Statement Assertions and Examples of Substantive Procedures Illustrations for Inventories of a Manufacturing Company
H. Considerations of Prior Year Uncorrected Misstatements
I. Assessing the Severity of Identified Deficiencies in Internal Control
J. Examples of Circumstances That May Be Deficiencies, Significant Deficiencies, or Material Weaknesses
K. Suggestions for Conducting Inquiries
L. Matters to Consider in Determining Performance Materiality
Part 3 - Illustrative Audit Documentation Case StudyAppendix
M. Illustrative Audit Documentation Case Study: Young Fashions, Inc.
M-1. Young Fashions: Understanding of Entity and Its Environment
M-1-1. Young Fashions: Audit Strategy
M-2. Young Fashions: Evaluation of Entity-Level Controls
M-2-1. Young Fashions: Procedures Performed to Evaluate Entity-Level Controls
M-3. Young Fashions: Understanding of Internal Control - IT General Controls
M-4. Young Fashions: Evaluation of Activity-Level Controls - Wholesale Sales
M-5. Young Fashions: Assessing Risks of Material Misstatement and Linkage to Further Audit Procedures
M-6. Young Fashions: Evaluation of Uncorrected Misstatements and Assessment of Control Deficiencies
N. Mapping and Summarization of Changes - Clarified Auditing Standards
O. Schedule of Changes Made to the Text From the Previous Edition
You, as the auditor, are required to perform risk assessment procedures to provide a basis for the identification and assessment of risks of material misstatement at the financial statement and relevant assertion levels. This risk assessment then serves as the basis for you to design the nature, timing, and extent of further audit procedures.
The further audit procedures you design and perform should be appropriate in the circumstances for the purpose of obtaining sufficient appropriate audit evidence to be able to draw a reasonable conclusion on which to base your opinion.
This guide provides guidance, primarily on performing risk assessment procedures and obtaining sufficient appropriate audit evidence. As such, this guide illustrates how to gather information needed to assess risk, evaluate that information to assess risk at the assertion level, and design and perform further audit procedures based on that assessed risk, evaluate the results, and reach conclusions. In addition, guidance on evaluating and communicating findings is also included.
The objective of this Audit Risk Assessment Tool (tool) is to aid in the implementation of the Risk Assessment Standards; it is designed to focus the auditor’s attention on the identification of significant risks, one or more of which arise on most audits. This tool is intended to work with any audit methodology and may be used for any audit; however, efficiency gains using this tool will probably be most notable with smaller audit clients. The tool also includes the Audit Guide Assessing and Responding to Audit Risk in a Financial Statement Audit. Industry-specific risks and considerations are available in Audit and Accounting Guides and Audit Risk Alerts.
Online Professional Library
The AICPA Online Professional Library will operate in a variety of configurations, but only the configuration described below is supported by our technicians:
Note: The Online Professional Library will be accessible immediately after completing the purchase process. Access instructions will be shown on the Order Confirmation Screen and also included in the Order Confirmation Email. Access to the Online Professional Library is through a separate browser window. Please be sure to turn off your pop-up blocking software before you sign in and launch this product.
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The Assessing and Responding to Audit Risk in a Financial Statement Audit guide covers the core principles of the risk-based audit methodology that must be used on all financial statement audits.
You'll find an easy-to-understand style that addresses the issues you encounter in the field. And no matter your experience level, you'll benefit from the unique insights, examples and a comprehensive case study that clarify critical concepts and requirements.Bonus Audit Risk Assessment Tool for Online Subscriptions
The Audit Risk Assessment Tool is automatically included only when you select the Online Subscription format.
The tool explains the risk assessment procedures to experienced auditors, and documents those decisions necessary to prepare an effective and efficient audit program.
Use the tool in place of cumbersome checklists. It will guide you through a top-down risk-based approach to the identification of high-risk areas. That allows for appropriate tailoring of audit programs, resulting in audit efficiencies.Disclaimer
This Audit Risk Assessment Tool is designed to provide illustrative information with respect to the subject matter covered and is recommended for use on audit engagements that are generally smaller and have less-complex auditing and accounting issues.
It is designed to help identify risks, including significant risks, and document the planned response to those risks. The Audit Risk Assessment Tool should be used as a supplement to a firm's existing planning module whether in a firm-based or commercially provided methodology.
The Audit Risk Assessment Tool is not a complete planning module.
The AICPA recommends that audit professionals with substantial accounting, auditing and specific industry experience and knowledge complete the Audit Risk Assessment Tool. For a firm to be successful in improving audit quality and efficiencies, it is recommended that a 5+ years experienced auditor completes the Audit Risk Assessment Tool or the engagement team member with the most knowledge of the industry and client (often Partner in small/medium firms) provides insight to whomever is completing the ARA Tool.
The AICPA recommends this should not be delegated to lower-level staff and just reviewed – it should be completed under the direction of the experienced auditor (if you delegate to inexperienced auditor, you will be at risk for less effectiveness and efficiencies because the tool is intended to be completed by an experienced auditor).Testimonials
Here's what fellow CPAs are saying about the Audit Risk Assessment Tool.
"An elegant device that facilitates compliance with the standards."
– W. Douglas Logan, CPA, P.C.
"I was able to complete the risk assessment process faster compared to [a checklist method] … By identifying the significant areas/risks, we were able to focus on those areas and tailor the audit programs accordingly."
– Sole practitioner
"This process condenses the risk assessment down to just what you need to perform the risk assessment. The steps to get to the audit program generation were reduced, and I think you end up with a better and more complete product at that point. I think it makes your planning process better."
– Partner from CPA firm with 18 professionals
"I think time was the biggest efficiency [gained by using the Audit Risk Assessment Tool]. The support and guidance made the process of assessing risk quicker and clearer."
– Audit senior manager from CPA firm with 88 professionals
"It would be beneficial to use this streamlined tool on a smaller entity where our current forms may be more inefficient."
– Audit supervisor from CPA firm with 400 professionals